In this Lesson Planning assignment we are asked to pick 5 components that we will use
in future to improve our lesson planning and give a rationale for each of the five. The
five I have chosen are;
– Characteristics of Adult Learners / Knowles (Andragogy)
– Motivational Techniques
– Creating a Positive Learning Environment
– Instructional Process / Strategies
Characteristics of Adult Learners
Knowles breaks down Andragogy into the following assumptions. They are self learners,
they draw on their own experience, the readiness to learn is task orientated, they are
problem-centered, they have internal motivation and a need to know. (Roberts 2007)
The last assumption being the need to know, is something I have witnessed many
times. In particular just a few days ago, this individual saw no need to learn all the
material he was given. As my job being a facilitator of learning, I need to help the
learners become aware of
“The Need to Know”.
Important parts of a lesson plan for adults, is motivational techniques. In the case of
recurrent training, motivation can be hard to achieve as the learner already achieved
that particular goal, purpose or relevancy. The use of a hook, anticipatory event or
suspense in this setting would be useful. I have used this in past but did not fully
understand the reasoning behind it. An example would be having an interesting
secretive live fire practice after the theory part has been taken. The Learning coach has
a fun take on this.
Assessment can be closely tied into the characteristics of adult learners. There are many
forms of assessment, some of which are diagnostic, formative, and summative. As well,
there can be various types, such as performance, authentic and holistic.
With adult learners the formative type of assessment can be more critical. Adults come
to us with multiple differences, intelligences, learning styles and experience. I really
notice this in the group of learners I will be instructing and in turn will be able to taylor
my instruction accordingly .
Creating a Positive Learning Environment
The following web site really hits home the differences between the adult learner
(Andragogy) and the youth learner(Pedagogy). The need of the adult learner to be
treated with respect, to acknowledge the adults life experiences and to treat any errors
in private should be the cornerstone in adult instruction and hopefully be so in mine.
Instructional Process / Strategies
Instructional strategies consist of direct instruction, indirect instruction, interactive
instruction, experiential learning and independent study. The web site I referred to has
a great little wheel demonstrating instructional methods, I copied it below. Another
interesting tip listed in the web site that I may incorporate was, “Given the choices
between two techniques, choose the one involving the learners in the most active
participation” (Knowles, 1980).